Countries with HIgh HALE and Life Expectancy and High Gap:
Australians are living longer and with more years in a good health. Heart disease is largest cause of death. Adults at high risk of heart attack or stroke should receive appropriate treatment and be aware of their risk factors. In order for the Australian healthcare system to handle the gradual population aging, government and administration must develop new policies and programs to accommodate the needs of changing demographics.
Behavioural risk factors are a major public health issue in Austria. Alcohol consumption and smoking rates are among the highest across the EU. To increase public health they should be addressed.
Recommendations suggested facilitating the exchange of information and interaction between health providers and government figures as well as flexible funding would also contribute to improvement and solve the problem of differences in regional care by allowing regions to determine the needs of their general populace and meet those needs more efficiently by allowing target-specific allocation of funds.
The main challenges are to promote prevention and healthy behaviour. Disparities of coverage across social groups suggest paying attention to co-ordination between universal healthcare provision and private insurance. The first government responsibility is fixing the rate at which medical expenses should be negotiated. The second government responsibility should be oversighting of health-insurance funds, to ensure that they are correctly managing the sums they receive, and to ensure oversight of the public hospital network.
Further efforts are needed to reduce smoking rates, so as to reduce deaths from lung cancer and other smoking-related deaths and the prevalence of overweight and obesity.
A set of health strategies, targeted health awareness promotion and prevention activities aims to address death risks and reduce level of chronic diseases. Also government should provide evidently a direct result in order to decrease high levels of consumption of harmful drinking patterns among people in Luxembourg.
The main causes of disability and reduced health are lack of physical activity, mental disorders, cardiovascular disease and cancer. The government should focus on providing effective care and primary care settings. Low back and neck pain has the highest share of total DALYs, but it is slightly decreasing. Therefore, targets that are likely to remain the focus of political attention and policy development are those relating to sustainable consumption and production, health and education, equality, employment, and migration.
Republic of Korea
The government should address the following challenges to improve public health and increase average life expectancy: reduce inequality in health coverage outcomes, improve primary health care and coordination between hospitals and long-term care facilities, meet the needs of the aged population.
The government should further develop following initiatives: improve health and medical care that more actively promotes good health, promote good eating habits and safe food to decrease obesity and overweight, reduced use of tobacco and alcohol.
The main challenge to improve public health is to reduce disparities of healthcare coverage across income groups groups. The ministry along with other government bodies should supervise activities at the lower levels, allocates grants and periodically evaluates services to ensure correspondence to national goals.