Conclusions and Practical Recommendations

I. Nowadays such complex indicators as life expectancy and health-adjusted life expectancy go beyond the traditional measures of the demographic potential of a country.
Longevity progressiveness is important for driving economic progress and competitiveness—both for developed and developing economies. Many governments are putting policies on longevity at the center of their growth strategies and budget planning. The definition of longevity has broadened—it is no longer quantitative increase in life expectancy at birth. Today longevity is about social inclusiveness, high quality of life, technical innovations in care delivery and medical treatment, and modified business and governmental models.
II. The prevalence of NCDs are considered to be a “slow motion disaster” and rising challenge for life expectancy and health-adjusted life expectancy dynamics.
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) tend to be of long duration and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioral factors. Such diseases have common metabolic roots. They are the major reason of the increasing risk of premature death and result in more disability years in older age.
III.  All risk factors of NCDs lie in non-health sectors, requiring collaboration across all of government and all of society to combat them.
Noncommunicable diseases are driven by forces that include unplanned urbanization, globalization of unhealthy lifestyles and population aging. Unhealthy diets and a lack of physical activity may show up in people as raised blood pressure, increased blood glucose, overweight and obesity. These are called metabolic risk factors that can lead to cardiovascular disease, the leading NCD in terms of premature deaths.
IV. Healthy Longevity progressiveness is about the public-private balance in health care system.
It is important for longevity governance find effective combination of universal health coverage system, support from citizens and the private sector.
V. Low socioeconomic inequality and reduced disparity in health outcomes should be key goals in Healthy Longevity plans and healthcare policies.
Research shows that people living in more affluent areas live significantly longer than people living in deprived areas. Socio-economic inequalities in life expectancy are also widening in both sexes as a result of greater gains in life expectancy in less deprived populations. Many health outcomes — everything from life expectancy to infant mortality and obesity — can be linked to the level of economic inequality within a given population. Greater economic inequality appears to lead to worse health outcomes.
VI. Healthcare policies should be focused on the care delivery to improve healthcare outcomes and provide higher efficiency of healthcare expenditure.
Nowadays it is unclear why countries are investing so much money in research focused on reducing death rates in the elderly, if the consequence is advancing ageing, that can be described as the increase in disability years, plus pension, and social and medical costs, in an unsustainable way. The policy should be focused on health status for measuring efficiency ratio of healthcare system.
VII. A focus on national-level health status and its temporal trajectory is critical.
Health status is one of the most important indicators of well-being, and it predicts a large proporti