I. Nowadays such complex indicators as life expectancy and health-adjusted life expectancy go beyond the traditional measures of the demographic potential of a country.
Longevity progressiveness is important for driving economic progress and competitiveness—both for developed and developing economies. Many governments are putting policies on longevity at the center of their growth strategies and budget planning. The definition of longevity has broadened—it is no longer quantitative increase in life expectancy at birth. Today longevity is about social inclusiveness, high quality of life, technical innovations in care delivery and medical treatment, and modified business and governmental models.
II. The prevalence of NCDs are considered to be a “slow motion disaster” and rising challenge for life expectancy and health-adjusted life expectancy dynamics.
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) tend to be of long duration and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioral factors. Such diseases have common metabolic roots. They are the major reason of the increasing risk of premature death and result in more disability years in older age.
III. All risk factors of NCDs lie in non-health sectors, requiring collaboration across all of government and all of society to combat them.
Noncommunicable diseases are driven by forces that include unplanned urbanization, globalization of unhealthy lifestyles and population aging. Unhealthy diets and a lack of physical activity may show up in people as raised blood pressure, increased blood glucose, overweight and obesity. These are called metabolic risk factors that can lead to cardiovascular disease, the leading NCD in terms of premature deaths.